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What is Verrucas?

Verrucas, also known as plantar warts, are small growths that usually appear on the heels or other weight-bearing areas of your feet. They're caused by an infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). Verrucas can be painful due to their location and may cause discomfort when walking.
Statistics of Verrucas

Verrucas by the Numbers: A Statistical Snapshot

Warts affect about 10% of the population worldwide. In school-aged children, the prevalence is as high as 10% to 20%. [1]

The worldwide prevalence of anogenital warts is estimated at 0.13%-5.1%. The incidence of HPV infection has been increasing, with about 80% of those infected being between the ages of 17 and 33 years. [2]

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Ask an Expert, Dr. Vi Sharma

Medical Director | Gen.Reg- MED0001665706

Key Facts

Fast Facts On Verrucas

Verrucas, also known as plantar warts, are skin growths caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They often disappear on their own over time due to the body’s immune response.
These non-cancerous skin growths primarily occur on the soles of the feet but can appear anywhere on your body. They are easily identifiable due to their rough texture and tiny black dots.
Verrucas are highly contagious and can spread through direct contact or via shared surfaces like gym floors or swimming pools. It is crucial to avoid touching them to prevent spreading.
People with weakened immune systems, children and teenagers, and individuals who walk barefoot in public areas have a higher risk of developing verrucas.
While many verrucas resolve spontaneously within months or years, some may persist longer and cause discomfort or pain when walking or standing.
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All You Need to Know About Verrucas

Understanding Verrucas: An Overview

Verrucas, also known as plantar warts, are small, non-cancerous growths on the soles of the feet. They are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), which infects the skin and causes it to grow rapidly. Verrucas are commonly spread through direct contact with an infected person or through contact with contaminated surfaces, such as floors, towels, and shoes.

Identifying the Symptoms of Verrucas

Common Symptoms:

  • Small, raised bump on the sole of the foot
  • Hard and rough surface
  • Pain, especially with pressure

Other Symptoms:

  • Skin discoloration
  • Bleeding
  • Itching
  • Burning
  • Tenderness

Causes and Risk Factors of Verrucas

Verrucas are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Risk factors include:

  • Being young
  • Weakened immune system
  • History of skin injuries
  • Walking barefoot in public places
  • Sharing towels, shoes, or personal items with an infected person

Different Types and Stages of Verrucas

Types of Verrucas:

  • Plantar warts
  • Mosaic warts
  • Periungual warts
  • Flat warts

Stages of Verrucas:

  • Incubation period
  • Growth phase
  • Plateau phase
  • Regression phase

Diagnosis: How Verrucas are Detected

Diagnosis is typically based on appearance, but a biopsy may be ordered for confirmation.

Treatment Options for Verrucas

  • Over-the-counter medications (salicylic acid)
  • Prescription medications (stronger keratolytic agents or antiviral medications)
  • Surgery (in severe cases)
  • Alternative treatments (cryotherapy, laser therapy, home remedies)

Prevention Strategies for Verrucas

  • Avoid walking barefoot in public places.
  • Do not share towels, shoes, or other personal items with someone who has verrucas.
  • Keep your feet clean and dry.
  • If you have a wart, cover it with a bandage to prevent it from spreading.

Home Remedies and Self-Care for Verrucas

  • Soaking the wart in warm water for 15 minutes several times a day
  • Applying baking soda and castor oil mixture
  • Applying apple cider vinegar and hydrogen peroxide mixture
  • Applying a garlic clove
  • Using a pumice stone to file down the wart

Impact of Verrucas on Daily Life

Verrucas can cause pain, embarrassment, difficulty walking or participating in activities, and may spread to other body parts.

Long-Term Management of Verrucas

Verrucas can be successfully treated, but treatment may take several months.

Mental and Emotional Considerations for Verrucas

Verrucas can negatively impact mental and emotional health, causing embarrassment, shame, isolation, anxiety, and depression. Seeking support from friends, family, and healthcare professionals is important.

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General Questions for Your Doctor About Verrucas

Pre-Treatment Guidelines
Treatment Procedures
Post-Treatment Care
Recovery and Healing
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Follow-Up and Monitoring
Treatment Outcomes
Long-Term Management
Scarring and Skin Health
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In-Depth Research on Verrucas

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